Samsung is one of the few smartphone brands able to produce its own processors, with Apple and Huawei being the only other major manufacturers to do so. This allows the company to create chips that precisely suit its needs, while also theoretically allowing them to save a few pennies too.
The Samsung Exynos processor range can be found in everything from cutting-edge 5G flagships to $100 phones. So with that in mind, we put together a guide to these SoCs.
Check out our other SoC guides here:
- What is an SoC? Everything you need to know about smartphone chipsets
- Snapdragon SoC guide: All of Qualcommâ€™s smartphone processors explained!
- Mediatek chip guide: All you need to know about MediaTek processors
Flagships: Exynos vs Snapdragon
Samsung has long offered two variants of its top-end Galaxy phones, with the primary difference boiling down to chipset. Galaxy flagships in the US, China, and several other markets get a model with a Qualcomm Snapdragon chipset. Meanwhile, Europe, the Middle East, Africa, and Korea tend to get a version with the in-house Exynos processor. 2020â€™s Galaxy S20 series bucked this trend and offered a Snapdragon 865-powered variant in Korea too.
The latest and greatest Exynos chipset in 2020 is the Exynos 990, found in the Galaxy S20 family. This processor offers a tri-cluster CPU arrangement, much like we see with flagship chipsets from Qualcomm and Huaweiâ€™s HiSilicon. That means weâ€™ve got two custom-designed CPU cores for heavy lifting, two Cortex-A76 CPU cores for mid-weight tasks, and four Cortex-A55 cores to handle simple, undemanding tasks.
The Exynos 990 also packs a flagship-level Arm Mali-G77 MP11 GPU, a dual-core neural processing unit (NPU) for machine learning, and a 7nm design. Other noteworthy Exynos 990 features include 8K recording, up to 108MP cameras, 120Hz screen refresh rate support, and 5G via the bundled modem. The modem supports both mmWave and sub-6Ghz standards, joining Qualcommâ€™s 5G modems.
Contrary to rivals Qualcomm, MediaTek, and Huawei, Samsung has been using custom CPUs in its Exynos flagship chipsets since 2016â€™s Galaxy S7. But the firm shut down the division responsible for these CPUs at the end of 2019. Samsung is expected to use off-the-shelf CPU designs from Arm for its future Exynos chipsets at the high-end, much like the aforementioned chipmakers. However, recent disclosures regarding a new Mongoose M6 CPU leave the door open for at least one more chipset with a custom CPU.
|Exynos 990||Exynos 9825||Snapdragon 865|
|CPU||2x Mongoose 5th gen
|2x Mongoose 4th gen
|1x semi-custom Cortex A77 @ 2.85GHz
3x semi-custom Cortex-A77 @ 2.4GHz
4x semi-custom Cortex-A55 @ 1.8GHz
|GPU||Mali-G77 MP11||Mali-G76 MP12||Adreno 650|
|Modem||Exynos Modem 5123 (external)
7350 Mbps down
|4G modem (integrated)
|X55 5G & RF system (external)
7500 Mbps down
3000 Mbps up
|Cameras||108MP single / 24.8MP and 24.8MP dual||22MP single / 16MP and 16MP dual||200MP snapshots / 64MP single / 64MP and 64MP dual|
|Process||7nm EUV||7nm EUV||7nm EUV|
Itâ€™s worth noting that the Exynos 990 is generally better than the Snapdragon 865 in terms of single-core CPU performance, according to our own testing. However, it lags behind Qualcommâ€™s silicon when it comes to multi-core performance, graphics, and power efficiency. So basically everything else.
Samsungâ€™s previous high-end chipset was 2019â€™s Exynos 9825 and Exynos 9820 family, featuring older heavy and medium CPU cores and an older GPU among the major downgrades. Nevertheless, phones with these processors still offer plenty of grunt for everyday performance and many advanced games. In fact, they should generally offer comparable if not better performance than many of Samsungâ€™s recent mid-range phones.
Mid-range: Powering the Galaxy A series
It used to be the case that Samsungâ€™s mid-tier Exynos processors were pretty mediocre, but the firm has raised its game in the last year or two. Leading the charge is the 8nm Exynos 980 chipset, aimed at the upper bounds of the mid-range segment.
This is the firmâ€™s first mid-range 5G chipset, offering support for sub-6Ghz 5G networks. Unlike the high-end Exynos 990, you arenâ€™t getting mmWave support here. The rest of the spec sheet is very respectable though, featuring an octa-core CPU (two Cortex-A77 cores and six Cortex-A55 cores), a Mali-G76 MP5 GPU, and an NPU for machine learning tasks.
Thereâ€™s a pretty big performance gap to the next major mid-range Samsung chips, the Exynos 9609, 9610 and Exynos 9611. These SoCs share a lot in common, such as the CPU layout (four Cortex-A73 cores and four Cortex-A53 cores), an older GPU (Mali-G72 MP3), 10nm designs and Bluetooth 5 support. The CPU layout in particular is roughly comparable to a flagship CPU from 2017, but the GPU is definitely more budget-focused.
The Exynos 96xx series generally has more in common with Qualcommâ€™s lower-end Snapdragon 600 series chips (Snapdragon 636/660/665), Huaweiâ€™s Kirin 710 chipset, and MediaTekâ€™s Helio P60/P65/P70 chipsets.
|Exynos 980||Exynos 9609/9610/9611||Snapdragon 765/G||Snapdragon 665|
|Kryo 475 octa-core
1x semi-custom Cortex-A76 (Prime)
1x semi-custom Cortex-A76 (Performance)
6x semi-custom Cortex-A55 (Efficiency)
|Kryo 260 octa-core
4x semi-custom Cortex-A73
4x semi-custom Cortex-A53
|GPU||Mali-G76 MP5||Mali-G72 MP3||Adreno 620||Adreno 610|
|X52 5G modem
|Cameras||108MP single, 20+20MP dual||64MP single (48MP for Exynos 9609), 16+16MP dual||192MP single
|Process||8nm FinFet||10nm FinFet||7nm EUV||11nm FinFet|
Rounding out Samsungâ€™s mid-range chipsets are the older Exynos 7884, 7885, and 7904 processors. These all share 14nm designs, octa-core CPUs (two Cortex-A73 cores and six Cortex-A53 cores), and aging Mali-G71 MP2 GPUs. These chipsets should deliver a relatively smooth basic experience and solid camera performance, but donâ€™t expect anything more than light gaming here. Sa
Budget: Aging processors
Samsungâ€™s truly budget processors have largely been unspectacular performers as youâ€™d expect from this segment. The Exynos 850 is the latest chipset in this tier, and it might just be the most power-efficient Exynos chipset around.
The Exynos 850 offers an octa-core Cortex-A55 CPU, making for a mild power and efficiency upgrade from earlier low-end Exynos chipsets, which often pack octa-core or even quad-core Cortex-A53 CPUs. Youâ€™re also getting a Mali-G52 MP1 GPU, and 48MP camera support.
But itâ€™s the Exynos 850â€™s combo of a lightweight, efficient CPU and 8nm design that should make for notable power-savings over other budget Exynos SoCs. The processor is currently found in the Galaxy A21s, which also offers a 5,000mAh battery, so you can expect this device to last a long time. Just donâ€™t expect to play advanced 3D games at a smooth pace (if at all), and we arenâ€™t expecting fast loading or brisk camera performance either.
|Exynos 7880||Exynos 7870||Snapdragon 439||Helio P22|
|CPU||8x Cortex-A53 @ 1.9GHz||8x Cortex-A53 @ 1.6GHz||8x Cortex-A53 @ 2Ghz||8x Cortex-A53 @ 2Ghz|
|GPU||Mali-T830 MP3||Mali-T830 MP1||Adreno 505||IMG PowerVR GE8320|
|Process||14nm FinFet||14nm FinFet||12nm FinFet||12nm FinFet|
The rest of Samsungâ€™s low-end Exynos chipsets are largely much older processors, like the Exynos 7870, and 7880. These SoCs offer octa-core Cortex-A53 CPUs, aging Mali T-series graphics, modest camera specs (no 32MP+ support here), and 14nm designs. These compare pretty favorably to the likes of the Snapdragon 439 and Helio P22 chips.
|Exynos 7570||Snapdragon 429||Helio A22|
|CPU||4x Cortex-A53 @ 1.4GHz||4x Cortex-A53 @ 1.95Ghz||4x Cortex-A53 @
|GPU||Mali-T720 MP1||Adreno 504||IMG PowerVR GE6300|
|13MP single||16MP single
|14nm FinFet||12nm FinFet||12nm FinFet|
Finally, the least capable recent chipset in Samsungâ€™s Exynos stable is the Exynos 7570, offering a quad-core Cortex-A53 CPU (halving the core count compared to the aforementioned chips), an ancient Mali-T720 MP1 GPU, and no explicit support for dual-camera setups. Samsungâ€™s low-end chips donâ€™t have the fastest LTE or latest Bluetooth standards either, and the Exynos 7570 is no exception.
- Samsung Galaxy A2 Core
- Samsung Galaxy A7 2017
- Samsung Galaxy J2 Core 2020
The future: Samsung and AMD working on custom GPU
Samsung may have ditched its custom CPU division, but the firm is pressing on with a custom GPU in partnership with AMD. Itâ€™s believed that the duo will be using AMDâ€™s RDNA technology as the foundation for the smartphone GPU.
There arenâ€™t any details regarding a future chipset with this technology. Nevertheless, the firm said in 2019 that itâ€™s still â€œtwo years down the roadâ€� from the launch of the product, pointing to a 2021 launch window.
Weâ€™re not sure whether this new GPU will appear in a flagship processor first or in a budget SoC, but this could nevertheless help Samsung take the fight to Qualcomm and Arm GPUs.
This has been our guide to recent Samsung Exynos processors, but weâ€™ve got plenty more Samsung articles worth checking out in the list below.